B.C.'s Coat of Arms
British Columbia's Coat of Arms was officially unveiled by Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II in 1987. It incorporates Her Majesty's Royal Crest at the top - the crowned lion standing on the imperial crown. To differentiate B.C.'s Royal Crest from the version used before 1987, it has been changed to include the crowned lion wearing a collar of Pacific dogwood flowers. Below the crown is a helmet - a heraldic symbol of sovereignty - that represents B.C.'s provincial sovereignty in Canada's
constitutional framework. The red and white mantling displays Canada's official colours, which represents the British and the French.
The Royal Union flag (commonly known as the Union Jack) with the centred crown symbolizes the province's colonial past. The setting sun indicates that B.C. is the western-most province and next to the Pacific Ocean, which is represented by the wavy blue stripes. On the left side, the elk represents the former
Colony of Vancouver Island. The big horned mountain sheep on the right represents the former
Colony of British Columbia. The Latin motto at the bottom - Splendor sine Occasu - means "Splendour without Diminishment". Entwining the motto is another dogwood garland.